Professional Experience

  • Present September
    2018

    Scientific Researcher

    Center for Machine Vision and Signal Analysis,
    University of Oulu,
    Oulu, Finland

  • August
    2018
    May
    2018

    Research Associate

    Institute of Industrial Science and Technology,
    Pukyong National University,
    Busna, South Korea

  • May 2018 September 2016

    Research Associate

    Department of Computer Engineering,
    COMSATS University Islamabad,
    Islamabad, Pakistan

  • Summers 2016 Summers 2015

    Visiting Research Scholar

    CEMSE Division,
    King Abdullah University of Science & Technology,
    Thuwal, Saudi Arabia

  • January 2016 January 2015

    Graduate Teaching Assistant

    Department of Electrical Engineering,
    King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals,
    Dhahran, Saudi Arabia

  • August 2014 September 2013

    Research Associate

    Department of Computer Engineering,
    COMSATS University Islamabad,
    Islamabad, Pakistan

  • June
    2013
    June
    2012

    Research and Project Intern

    Center for Advance Studies in Telecommunication,
    COMSATS University Islamabad,
    Islamabad, Pakistan

Education & Training

  • Ph.D. September 2018 - Present

    Ph.D. in Technology

    University of Oulu,
    Oulu, Finland

  • M.S. September 2014 - January 2017

    M.S. in Electrical Engineering

    King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals,
    Dhahran, Saudi Arabia

  • B.S. September 2009 - August 2013

    B.S. in Electrical Engineering

    COMSATS University Islamabad,
    Islamabad, Pakistan

  • H.S.S.C.September 2007 - August 2009

    Intermediate in Pre-Engineering

    Islamabad College for Boys,
    Islamabad, Pakistan

  • S.S.C.September 2005 - August 2007

    Matriculation in Science

    Islamabad College for Boys,
    Islamabad, Pakistan

Honors, Awards and Grants

  • 2018 - Present
    Fully-funded Ph.D. in Technology at University of Oulu, Finland
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    In regard of my prior achivements, I had been awarded fully-funded Ph.D. in Technology in the prestegious Center for Machine Vision and Signal Analysis (CMVS) at University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland. It is a research-based doctoral degree at the Faculty of Information Technology and Electrical Engineeing (ITEE).

  • 2014 - 2016
    Fully-funded M.S. in Eletrical Engineering at KFUPM, Saudi Arabia
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    In regard of my prior achivements, I had been awarded fully-funded M.S. in Electrical Engineering at King Fahd university of Petroleum & Minerals (KFUPM), Dhahran, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). It was a fully-funded 2 years research-based degree at the Department of Electrical Engineeing, KFUPM.

  • 2009 - 2013
    Institute & Campus Silver Medals Award
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    I was awarded Institute and Campus Silver Medals by the President of Pakistan at the convocation for my outstanding achievements in B.S. Electrical Engineering 2009-2013, at COMSATS University Islamabad (CUI), Pakistan. Campus Silver Medal was awarded to me for grasping second top position in my batch of Electrical Engineering (2009-2013) throughout the respective campus, while Institute Silver Medal was awarded to me for clutching second top position among different campuses of CUI in Pakistan. The certificate can be found here.

  • Feb 2013
    Laptop Award by Government of Pakistan
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    An HP 1000 laptop [Specs: Intel® Core™ i3-2370M Processor (2.4 GHz, 3MB L3 Cache)] was awarded to me by Government of Punjab, Pakistan for my outstanding career track during my Bachelors, B.S. Electrical Engineering, at COMSATS University Islamabad (CUI), Pakistan. I was invited to meet the Minister of Pakistan and receive my award. I was also paid the guard of honor by Punjab Police Task Force and was then awarded with the laptop. The certificate can be found here.

  • May 2012
    Runner Up in National Level Line Tracking Robotics Competition ROBIAN'12
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    I participated in a National Level Line Tracking Robotics Competition ROBIAN'12 organized by Department of Electrical Engineering, COMSATS University Islamabad (CUI), Islamabad Campus, Pakistan. I successfully designed and made a Robot. There were 42 Robots which participated in the event. My Robot 'ALPHATRON' got runner up position by completing the requirements (tracking arena sooner by going through the specified checkpoints) with second fastest speed. I was awarded with Runner Up Shield, Prize Money and Certificates by the university. The certificate can be found here.
    Camera caught moments are below:

    ROBIAN 2012 Final Battle - ALPHATRON (Runner Up)

    ROBIAN 2012 Award Ceremony - ALPHATRON (Runner Up)

    ROBIAN 2012 Practice Full Arena Tracking- ALPHATRON (Runner Up)

  • 2009 - 2013
    Talent & Merit Based Awards
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    I was selected for Talent Award by an NGO, SAFE, for my remarkable triumph and Position in my starting semester during my B.S. Electrical Engineering 2009-2013, at COMSATS University Islamabad (CUI), Pakistan. I was awarded with a Shield and Certificate in the event organized by SAFE, the NGO. I was also been given prize money merit scholarships in a number of semesters, during my Bachelors, by CUI for securing top positions throught my batch. The certificate can be found here.

  • Sep 2013
    Valedictorian - Presenting Convocation Graduation Speech
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    I was awarded with the honor of presenting the Convocation Graduation Speech of my batch 2009-2013 of COMSATS University Islamabad (CUI). After an event of competitions among top position holders of different departments for the Valedictorian speech, I was finally selected and bestowed with the honor of presenting this graduation speech. The video of my graduation speech along with my other accomplishments can be watched below:

    Engineer Muzammil Behzad - 4 Year Achievements and Blessings

  • 2014
    Best Project Award (Supervisor)
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    In recognition of my services as project supervisor/advisor at COMSATS University Islamabad (CUI), Pakistan, I had been given the Best Project Award (Supervisor) for supervising a Master of Computer Science (MCS) student under the project title "Designing an algorithm in C/C++ language for serial communication between two microcontrollers using simulation and compilation tools". The certificate can be found here.

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My Research/Project Supervisors & Referees

Syed Mustafa Pasha

Assistant Professor & Head Project Mgmt. Committee
EE Department, COMSATS Institute of IT, Pakistan

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Dr. Nadeem Javaid

Assistant Professor, COMSATS Institute of IT, Pakistan
Ph.D. from University of Paris-Est (France)

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Dr. Tareq Y. Al-Naffouri

Associate Professor, Electrical Engineering, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Saudi Arabia
Ph.D. from Stanford University (USA)

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Dr. Samir Al-Ghadhban

Associate Professor, Electrical Engineering, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Saudi Arabia
Ph.D. from Virginia Tech at Blacksburg (USA)

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Dr. Mahmood Ashraf Khan

Director CAST, COMSATS Institute of IT, Pakistan
Ph.D. from Aston University Birmingham (UK)

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Dr. Raja Ali Riaz

Associate Professor, COMSATS Institute of IT,Pakistan
Ph.D. from University of Southampton (UK)

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Thesis Supervisors

Dr. Tareq Y. Al-Naffouri supervised my MS thesis in Electrical Engineering at King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia. The thesis was related to compressive sensing based collaborative patch-based image denoising algorithms.

Dr. Mahmood Ashraf Khan supervised my BS/undergraduate final year project (FYP) at COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan.. The project was about design and development of a real-time vehicle tracking system using GPS and GSM modules.

Projects Done

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    GPS and GSM Based Vehicle Tracking System

    Final Year Project of my BS Electrical (Telecommunication) Engineering 2009 - 2013

    It is a Vehicle Tracking System in which vehicles are tracked and controlled through a mobile phone just by sending an SMS. To trace the location of the car the owner of the vehicle simply sends an SMS to the tracking system installed in the vehicle. The tracking system in the vehicle contains a GPS receiver module and a GSM modem interfaced to a microcontroller. On receiving the SMS from the owner, the GSM modem acknowledges the controller, the controller takes location's longitude and latitude coordinates from the GPS receiver module, packs it in to an SMS and sends back to the owner through the GSM modem. The SMS is also sent to a GSM modem which is connected to a web SERVER. When the web SERVER receives the SMS containing the location coordinates of the vehicle it shows the location of the vehicle in the form of an image taken from Google maps. The owner can also turn off the main ignition simply by sending an SMS in case of any vehicle theft.

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    RFID Based Remote Authentication System

    Hardware/Embedded System Design Project

    It's basically an embedded system that contains RFID Module (RFID tag reader) ID-20, GSM Module SIM900 and Microcontroller ATmega16 all mounted on a single board. The main theme of the project is to sense a tag by reading the code from the tag when it is moved near to the RFID reader. Then that code is authenticated by comparing the code with the list of codes in the database. If the code is authenticated, then specific function is performed and an SMS containing the info of the tag and the owner of the tag is sent to the administrator.

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    Line Tracking Robot

    ALPHATRON: A Robot that can move very fast and with accuracy

    This project basically resulted with a deliverable of a line tracking robot. The crux of this project was to make a robot that could track a white line over a dark blue arena and could complete the arena by moving through some specified points fast. The robot's equipped with sensors that could distinguish between blue and white part of the arena. After taking part in a national level line tracking robotics competition ROBIAN'12, this robot got 2nd/Runner Up position out of 42 robots which participated in the event.

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    Client-Server Architecture on Linux OS

    A Network/Socket Programming Project for Client-Server

    This project was based on programming a client server architecture through which a client can ask the server for services. The project and hence the programming was done in Linux Operating System. The concepts of Network Programming and Socket Programming were implemented to give this project an efficient as well as a professional look. The programming language was C/C++. Login/Authentication feature was implemented in this project so whenever a client needed to ask for a service it would have first login to the system so as to assure the authorization to ask for the services. File transferring feature was also implemented through which files were sent from server to the client upon request. Chat and a number of other features were implemented too. This project was also capable of handling multiple clients.

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[MS Thesis] Compressed Sensing Based Image Denoising: Novel Patch-Based Collaborative Algorithms

M. Behzad Supervised by: Prof. Tareq Al-Naffouri (Ph.D. from Stanford University, U.S.)
MS ThesisDepartment of Electrical Engineering, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals (KFUPM), Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, January 2017.

Abstract

In this thesis, we propose novel patch-based image denoising algorithms to take care of the undesired additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN) components introduced in an image. Our algorithms are broadly classi ed into grayscale and color image denoising. We propose to utilize normalized Euclidean distance and correlation based grouping of patches in our algorithms. Such grouping of patches is an e ective way for collaborative support-agnostic sparse reconstruction to denoise a noisy patch. For the collaboration, we stack similarly structured patches via distance and correlation based intensity-invariant approach. The key idea is that since similar patches share the same support in the transformed domain, these supports can be used as probabilities of active taps to re ne the sparse estimates. This ultimately yields a very good patch estimate and therefore increases the quality of recovered image by discarding the noise-causing components. For the smooth regions of an image, a specially developed post-processor is then applied to further increase the quality of the denoised image. Comparison results from extensive simulations against the existing state-of-the-art algorithms in terms of PNSR and SSIM over a wide range of scenarios demonstrate the superiority of our proposed algorithms.

[BS Thesis] GPS and GSM Based Vehicle Tracking System

M. Behzad Supervised by: Prof. Mahmood Ashraf Khan (Ph.D. from Aston University, U.K.)
BS ThesisDepartment of Electrical Engineering, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan, May 2013.

Abstract

It is a Vehicle Tracking System in which vehicles are tracked and controlled through a mobile phone just by sending an SMS. To trace the location of the car the owner of the vehicle simply sends an SMS to the tracking system installed in the vehicle. The tracking system in the vehicle contains a GPS receiver module and a GSM modem interfaced to a microcontroller. On receiving the SMS from the owner, the GSM modem acknowledges the controller, the controller takes location's longitude and latitude coordinates from the GPS receiver module, packs it in to an SMS and sends back to the owner through the GSM modem. The SMS is also sent to a GSM modem which is connected to a web SERVER. When the web SERVER receives the SMS containing the location coordinates of the vehicle it shows the location of the vehicle in the form of an image taken from Google maps. The owner can also turn off the main ignition simply by sending an SMS in case of any vehicle theft.

[J2] Performance Optimization in IoT-based Next-Generation WSNs

M. Behzad, M. Abdullah, M. T. Hassan, Y. Ge and M. A. Khan
Journal PaperTransactions on Computational Collective Intelligence, 2019 [Accepted].

Abstract

In this paper, we propose a novel framework for performance optimization in Internet of Things (IoT)-based next-generation wireless sensor networks. In particular, a computationally-convenient system is presented to combat two major research problems in sensor networks. First is the conventionally-tackled resource optimization problem which triggers the drainage of battery at a faster rate within a network. Such drainage promotes inefficient resource usage thereby causing sudden death of the network. The second main bottleneck for such networks is the data degradation. This is because the nodes in such networks communicate via a wireless channel, where the inevitable presence of noise corrupts the data making it unsuitable for practical applications. Therefore, we present a layer-adaptive method via 3-tier communication mechanism to ensure the efficient use of resources. This is supported with a mathematical coverage model that deals with the formation of coverage holes. We also present a transform-domain based robust algorithm to effectively remove the unwanted components from the data. Our proposed framework offers a handy algorithm that enjoys desirable complexity for real-time applications as shown by the extensive simulation results.

[J1] Distributed PCA and Consensus Based Energy Efficient Routing Protocol for WSNs

M. Behzad, M. S. Javaid, M. A. Paracha and S. Khan
Journal PaperJournal of Information Science and Engineering, Vol. 33 No. 5, pp. 1267-1283, 2017.

Abstract

Routing protocols with consensus approaches are extensively used for realizing distributed algorithms and have recently found many applications along with use of principal component analysis (PCA). Their vigorous implementation to increase network performance in wireless sensor networks (WSNs) is of extreme significance. In this work, we present our proposed novel routing algorithm; to maximize system performance, stability period and throughput of wireless nodes deployed in a remote field. Distributed principal component analysis (DPCA) based threshold aware communication and fixed clustering method have been used. Selection of cluster heads (CHs) and division of observation field make our proposed scheme more robust. Mathematical representation of the coverage model and 3-Tier communication design for reducing transmission distance is implemented. This ultimately results in improved system performance and also considerably minimizes the coverage and energy holes leading to extended lifespan. For a more practical implementation, we are exploiting uniform random model to find out packets dropped. Comprehensive simulations results using MATLAB are presented validating the applicability of our approach.

[C10] Layer-Adaptive Communication and Collaborative Transformed-Domain Representations to Optimize Performance in Next-Generation WSNs

M. Behzad, M. Abdullah, M. T. Hassan, Y. Ge and M. A. Khan
Conference Paper The 32nd IEEE International Conference on Advanced Information Networking and Applications (AINA), Poland, 2018.

Abstract

In this paper, we combat the problem of performance optimization in wireless sensor networks of nextgeneration and beyond. Specifically, a novel framework is proposed to handle two major research issues. Firstly, we optimize the utilization of resources available to various sensing nodes. This is achieved via proposed optimal network clustering enriched with layer-adaptive 3-tier communication mechanism to diminish energy holes. We also introduce a mathematical coverage model that helps us minimize the number of coverage holes. Secondly, we present a novel approach to recover the corrupted data received over noisy wireless channels. A robust sparsedomain based recovery method equipped with specially developed averaging filter is used to take care of the unwanted noisy components added to the data samples. Our proposed framework provides a handy routing protocol that enjoys remarkable computation complexity and elongated network lifetime as demonstrated with the help of extensive simulation results.

[C9] Technology-Mediated Educational Model

M. Behzad, N. Adnan, S. A. Merchant
Conference Paper International Conference on Professional Development in Higher Education: Trends and Practices, Prospects and Innovations, Higher Education Commission of Pakistan, 2018.

Abstract

With the rapid surge in technological advancements, an equal amount of investment in technology-embedded teaching has become vital to pace up with the ongoing educational needs. Distance education has evolved from the era of postal services to the use of ICT tools in current times. With the aid of globally updated content across the board, technology usage ensures all students receive equal attention without any discrimination. Importantly, web-based teaching allows all kind of students to learn at their own pace, without the fear of being judged, including professionals who can learn remotely without disturbing their job schedules. Having web-based content allows low-cost and robust implementation of the content upgradation. An improved, yet effective, version of the education using such tools is Hybrid Learning (HL). This learning mode aims to provide luxurious reinforcement to its legitimate candidates while maintaining the quality standards of various elements. Incorporated with both traditional and distance learning methods, along with exploiting social media tools for increased comfort level and peer-to-peer collaboration, HL ultimately facilitates the end user and educational setup. The structure of such a hybrid model is realized by delivering the study material via a learning management system (LMS) designed in compliance with quality standards, which is one of the fundamental tackling techniques for controlling quality constraints. In this paper, we present the recently piloted project by COMSATS Institute of Information Technology (CIIT) which is driven by technology-embedded teaching model. This model is an amalgam of the traditional class room model with the aid of state-of-the-art online learning technologies. The students are enrolled as full-time students, with all the courses in traditional classroom mode, except one course offered as hybrid course. This globally adapted model helps the students to benefit from both face-to-face learning as well as gaining hands-on experience on technology-enriched education model providing flexibility of timings, learning pace, and boundaries. Our HL model is equipped with two major synchronous and asynchronous blocks. The synchronous block delivers real-time live interaction scenarios using discussion boards, thereby providing a face-to-face environment. Interactions via social network has witnessed equally surging improvement in the output performance. The asynchronous block refers to the lecture videos, slides and handouts, prepared by imminent professors, available 24/7 for students. To ensure quality output, our HL model follows the course learning outcomes (CLOs), and program learning outcomes (PLOs) as per international standards. As a proof of concept, we have deployed a mechanism at the end of each semester to verify the effectiveness of our model. This mechanism fundamentally surveys the satisfaction levels of all the students enrolled in the HL courses. With the surveys already conducted, a significant level of satisfaction has been noted. Extensive results from these surveys are presented in the paper to further validate the efficiency and robustness of our proposed HL model.

[C8] Image Denoising via Collaborative Support-Agnostic Recovery

M. Behzad, M. Masood, T. Ballal, M. Shadaydeh and T. Al-Naffouri
Conference Paper The 42nd IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP), New Orleans, USA, 2017.

Abstract

In this paper, we propose a novel patch-based image denoising algorithm using collaborative support-agnostic sparse reconstruction. In the proposed collaborative scheme, similar patches are assumed to share the same support taps. For sparse reconstruction, the likelihood of a tap being active in a patch is computed and refined through a collaboration process with other similar patches in the similarity group. This provides a very good patch support estimation, hence enhancing the quality of image restoration. Performance comparisons with state-of-the-art algorithms, in terms of PSNR and SSIM, demonstrate the superiority of the proposed algorithm.

[C7] Performance Optimization in Wireless Sensor Networks: A Novel Collaborative Compressed Sensing Approach

M. Behzad and Y. Ge
Conference Paper The 31st IEEE International Conference on Advanced Information Networking and Applications (AINA), Taiwan, 2017.

Abstract

In this paper, we present need-based clustering (NbC) with dynamic sink mobility (DSM-NbC) scheme for WSNs using a collaborative compressed sensing approach. The scheme incorporates dynamic sink mobility in a way that mobile sink moves from dense regions towards sparse regions. Intelligently moving the sink to high density regions ensure maximum collection of data. As more number of nodes are able to send data directly to the mobile sink, therefore, significant amount of energy is saved in each particular round. However, there is a certain limitation to this approach. Nodes which are far from sink have to wait much for their turn. So, there are chances of buffer overflow that is not desirable. To overcome this issue, our scheme includes NbC. Clustering (communication via cluster heads) becomes the part for those regions which are away from mobile sink. Most importantly, we deploy a collaborative communication scheme that significantly reduces the energy consumption and increases network lifespan. Simulation results show that DSM-NbC outperforms other protocols in terms of stability period, network lifetime and computational complexity.

[C6] TSDDR: Threshold Sensitive Density Controlled Divide and Rule Routing Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks

M. Behzad, N. Javaid, A. Sana, M. T. A. Khan, N. Saeed, Z. A. Khan, U. Qasim
Conference Paper The 9th IEEE International Conference on Broadband and Wireless Computing, Communication and Applications (BWCCA'14), 2014, Guangzhou, China.

Abstract

In Wireless Sensor Networks, efficient energy management is of great importance. In this paper, we propose a novel routing protocol; Threshold Sensitive Density Controlled Divide and Rule (TSDDR) to prolong network lifetime and stability period. To achieve these targets, we utilize static clustering with threshold aware transmissions. Simulations are done in MATLAB and the results show that our protocol has 60% longer stability period than LEACH [1] and 36% longer stability period than DDR [2]. We also implemented the Uniform Random Model (URM) to find Packet Drop to make our scheme more practical.

[C5] IDDR: Improved Density Controlled Divide-and-Rule Scheme for Energy Efficient Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks

F. Saleem, Y. Moeen, M. Behzad, M. A. Hasnat, Z. A. Khan, U. Qasim, N. Javaid
Conference Paper The 9th International Conference on Future Networks and Communications (FNC'14), 2014, Niagara Falls, Ontario, Canada.

Abstract

In Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) unbalanced energy consumption is a major problem. As a result, energy hole is created and network lifetime is reduced. In this paper, we propose IDDR to avoid the energy hole creation through uniform energy consumption. Proposed scheme reduces coverage and energy hole by dividing the network into small segments with static number of Cluster Heads (CHs) in each round. Selection of CH in each segment is based on maximum residual energy. Simulation results prove that proposed protocol outperforms the compared protocols.

[C4] Design and Development of a Low Cost Ubiquitous Tracking System

M. Behzad, A. Sana, M. A. Khan, Z. Walayat, U. Qasim, Z. A. Khan, N. Javaid
Conference Paper The 9th International Conference on Future Networks and Communications (FNC'14), 2014, Niagara Falls, Ontario, Canada.

Abstract

In this paper, design and development of a ubiquitous tracking system is proposed, in which vehicles are tracked and controlled using the prevailing cellular technologies. The system contains a GPS receiver and a GSM modem interfaced with a microcontroller. To track any vehicle, the vehicle's owner has to send an SMS to the tracking system installed inside the vehicle. Upon receiving the SMS, the microcontroller takes the current location's longitude and latitude coordinates from GPS receiver, packs it into an SMS and sends it to the owner and on a web server using GSM modem. When the web server receives the SMS containing vehicles coordinates, it will show location of the vehicle on Google Maps. For android users, the location is also displayed on an android application. In case of vehicle theft, the owner is able to turn off the main ignition switch, check status and speed of the vehicle simply by sending an SMS. The system is also equipped with a special security button for parked vehicles. By turning the button ON, the system will come in ACTIVE mode and will keep a special check on the vehicle's movement meanwhile performing the normal tasks. If the system senses any movement of vehicle during the ACTIVE mode, it will turn the main ignition OFF and will inform the owner immediately be sending 5 SMSs. Record of the vehicle's movement will be continuously managed on the web server where each owner will have vehicle's account. We have used a wide number of technologies including, but not limited to, Global Positioning System (GPS), Global System for Mobile Communication (GSM) and Microcontroller.

[C3] On Enhancing Network Reliability and Throughput for Critical-Range Based Applications in UWSNs

A. Umar, M. A. Hasnat, M. Behzad, I. Baseer, Z. A. Khan, U. Qasim, N. Javaid
Conference Paper The 9th International Conference on Future Networks and Communications (FNC'14), 2014, Niagara Falls, Ontario, Canada.

Abstract

Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks (UWSNs) support various applications like pollution monitoring, tsunami warnings, off-shore exploration, tactical surveillance, etc. Distinctive features of UWSNs like low available bandwidth, large propagation delay, highly dynamic network topology, and high error probability pose many challenges for designing efficient and reliable communication protocols. In this paper, we propose an extension of IAMCTD (Improved Adaptive Mobility of Courier nodes in Threshold-optimized DBR protocol for UWSNs) that focuses on enhancing network reliability and throughput for critical-range based applications. Our scheme avoids control overhead that was present in IAMCTD for implementing changes in depth threshold. The movement pattern of courier nodes along with reducing communication burden on nodes increases throughput as well. Additionally, stability period is improved and node density per round remains comparatively high improving the overall network reliability. Based on the comprehensive simulations using MATLAB, we observe that our scheme improves the performance in terms of throughput and stability period. Moreover, comparatively higher network density per round is maintained and end-to-end delay is stabilized throughout the network lifetime.

[C2] REEC: Reliable Energy Efficient Critical data routing in wireless body area networks

M. M. Sandhu, M. Akbar, M. Behzad, N. Javaid, Z. A. Khan, U. Qasim
Conference Paper The 9th IEEE International Conference on Broadband and Wireless Computing, Communication and Applications (BWCCA'14), 2014, Guangzhou, China.

Abstract

Energy efficient routing is important for increasing the lifetime of Wireless Body Area Networks (WBANs). Uniform load distribution is necessary for reliable and long term monitoring of patients in WBANs. In this paper, we propose Reliable Energy Efficient Critical data routing in WBANs (REEC). We deploy eight nodes and a sink on the human body. Two forwarder nodes are used which reduce the communication distance between nodes and the sink. The nodes send only critical data to the forwarder nodes. In order to distribute the load uniformly, forwarder nodes are selected/rotated in each round. Simulation results show that the proposed protocol achieves increased network lifetime and throughput. Therefore, REEC is useful for reliable health monitoring in WBANs.

[C1] Mobility Model for WBANs

M. M. Sandhu, M. Akbar, M. Behzad, N. Javaid, Z. A. Khan, U. Qasim
Conference Paper The 9th IEEE International Conference on Broadband and Wireless Computing, Communication and Applications (BWCCA'14), 2014, Guangzhou, China.

Abstract

Mobility models play a vital role on the accuracy of simulations in Wireless Body Area Networks (WBANs). In this paper, we propose a mobility model for the movement of nodes placed on the human body. During routine activities, body exhibits different postures like standing, sitting, laying, etc. We form a mathematical model for the movement of nodes according to the posture pattern. Postures change from one state to another depending upon probabilities. During movement, the distance between nodes and sink is changed. As energy consumption, delay, and path loss depend on distance, so, they also change due to mobility. We implement the proposed mobility model in multi-hop and forwarder based routing techniques and study their performance parameters.

COMSATS University Islamabad (CUI), Pakistan

  • Spring 2018

    Courses:
    CSC331-Digital Image Processing, CSC253-Computer Graphics, CSC110-Professional Practices in IT

    Additional Duties
    Pioneer Member of Office of Hybrid Learning, Presented Many Orientations to Hybrid Learning, Project Coordinator for B.S. Computer Science (BSCS) and B.S. Software Engineering (BSCS) Degree Programs, Content Reviewer for Several Technical Courses

  • Fall 2017

    Courses:
    CSC331-Digital Image Processing, CSC253-Computer Graphics, EEE241-Digital Logic Design

    Additional Duties:
    Pioneer Member of Office of Hybrid Learning and SAFE Exam, Presented Many Orientations to Hybrid Learning, Project Coordinator for B.S. Computer Science (BSCS) and B.S. Software Engineering (BSSE) Degree Programs, Content Reviewer for Several Technical Courses, Student Adviser for Fall 2016 Intakes of BSSE

    Projects' Supervision:
    [11] Shahzaib Sarwer (CIIT/SP14-BSCS-025/CVC), Muhammad Ahsan (CIIT/SP14-BSCS-005/CVC), Ikram Ullah (CIIT/SP14-BSCS-007/CVC), 'Profile Management System for University Faculties', B.S. Computer Science (BSCS)
    [10] Misbah Shabbir (CIIT/FA15-MCS-098/CVC), Saira Ali (CIIT/FA15-MCS-207/CVC), Saba Zulfiqar (CIIT/FA15-MCS-113/CVC), Munazza Akram (CIIT/FA15-MCS-135/CVC), 'e-Scheduler: Online Event Scheduling System', Master of Computer Science (MCS)
    [9] Muhammad Umair Danish (CIIT/SP13-BSSE-005/CVC), Mubashar Hassan (CIIT/SP13-BSSE-015/CVC), 'A Comparative Study of Image Denoising Algorithms', B.S. Software Engineering (BSSE)

  • Spring 2017

    Courses:
    CSC253-Computer Graphics, CSC141-Introduction to Computer Programming, CSC201-Design and Analysis of Algorithms

    Additional Duties:
    Project Coordinator for B.S. Computer Science (BSCS) and B.S. Software Engineering (BSSE) Degree Programs, Content Reviewer for Several Technical Courses

    Projects' Supervision:
    [8] Maryam Javed (CIIT/SP15-MCS-140/CVC), Qurat-ul-Ain (CIIT/FA14-MCS-055/CVC), 'Online Train Reservation Management System', Master of Computer Science (MCS)
    [7] Muhammad Baqir Naseem (CIIT/SP15-MCS-255/CVC), Umer Khan (CIIT/FA15-MCS-073/CVC), Sajid Ullah (CIIT/FA15-MCS-032/CVC), Syed Qamar Abbas (CIIT/FA14-MCS-135/CVC), 'Twitter Hash Tag Real Time Monitoring System', Master of Computer Science (MCS)

  • Fall 2016

    Courses:
    CSC253-Computer Graphics, EEE241-Digital Logic Design, CSC241-Object Oriented Programming

    Additional Duties:
    Project Coordinator for Master of Computer Science (MCS), B.S. Computer Science (BSCS) and B.S. Software Engineering (BSSE) Degree Programs, Team Member of Crash/Short Courses Development, Student Adviser for Spring 2014 Intakes of MCS, BSCS and BSSE

    Projects' Supervision:
    [6] Ghazanfar Abbas (CIIT/SP15-MCS-180/CVC), Maryam Raza (CIIT/SP15-MCS-180/CVCCIIT/SP15-MCS-184/CVC), 'System Capacity Maximization using Underlay D2D', Master of Computer Science (MCS)
    [5] Sumira Parveen (CIIT/SP15-MCS-196/CVC), Sehar Sadiq (CIIT/SP15-MCS-253/CVC), Sidra Ilyas (CIIT/SP15-MCS-189/CVC), Muhammad Tahir (CIIT/SP15-MCS-209/CVC), 'Gated Community Security System', Master of Computer Science (MCS)
    [4] Hasina Hamid (CIIT/FA14-MCS-207/CVC), 'Online Books Management System', Master of Computer Science (MCS)
    [3] Amara Kiran(CIIT/SP15-MCS-016/CVC), Aslam Nisar Bhuttar (CIIT/SP15-MCS-144/CVC), Rizwan Sohail Ahmad (CIIT/SP15-MCS-143/CVC), Ibrahim Awan (CIIT/SP15-MCS-142/CVC), 'A Survey on Wireless Sensor Network Protocols: Advancements and Challenges', Master of Computer Science (MCS)
    [2] Muhammad Usman (CIIT/SP15-MCS-165/CVC), Muhammad Omer Zaib (CIIT/SP15-MCS-198/CVC), Waqas Siddique (CIIT/FA14-MCS-063/CVC), 'Point of Sale', Master of Computer Science (MCS)

  • Spring 2014

    Courses:
    CSC339-Computer Communication & Networks, EEE231-Electronics I, CSC401-Computing For Management

    Additional Duties:
    Project Coordinator for Master of Computer Science (MCS), B.S. Computer Science (BSCS) and B.S. Software Engineering (BSSE) Degree Programs, Content Reviewer for Several Technical Courses, Founding Member of Result Review Committee, Student Adviser for Fall 2013 Intakes of MCS, BSCS and BSSE

    Projects' Supervision:
    [1] Mudassara Zubair Hashmi (CIIT/FA12-MCS-119/CVC), 'Designing an Algorithm in C/C++ Language for Serial Communication Between Two Microcontrollers using Simulation and Compilation Tools', Master of Computer Science (MCS)

  • Fall 2013

    Courses:
    CSC141-Introduction to Computer Programming, CSC103-Introduction to Computers and Programming

    Additional Duties:
    Project Coordinator for Master of Computer Science (MCS), B.S. Computer Science (BSCS) and B.S. Software Engineering (BSSE) Degree Programs, Founding Member of Result Review Committee

King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals (KFUPM), Saudi Arabia